Usually U.S. law requires that visa applicants be granted an interview at a U.S. consulate. Once all information on the relevant visa application is submitted, the application can be finally approved or rejected.
The U.S. law contains many provisions about the circumstances by which visa applications are rejected. A visa denial may take place when
- the U.S. consular authorities fail to receive all required documents or information,
- the applicant does not qualify for the visa that was applied for,
- or information has been presented that disqualifies the applicant falls on the basis of so-called grounds of ineligibility or inadmissibility.
These grounds concern past circumstances, such as drug abuse or crime, that would prevent the applicant from qualifying for the visa that was applied for. If the visa application is denied, the applicant is usually told the reason for the denial and the relevant law, which provides the basis for the refusal. There are numerous reasons why a visa many be denied (visa ineligibilities). These are found in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). In certain cases of denial, travelers may apply for a so-called waiver, which allows the U.S. visa to be approved under certain conditions.